Glossary - E - inotec


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Umbrella term for planning, controlling, executing and monitoring the flow of goods, information and money in connection with e-business activities (Internet).


Abbreviation for 'European article number'. An 8 or 13 digit, worldwide unique, machine-readable marking number. The EAN can be used as a reference to the internal numbering system along the entire supply chain, from the supplier to the end customer, and thus used across companies for communication and control of the flow of goods.


Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. Electronic data interchange (see EDI) with sector-neutral standards.

Efficient consumer response (ECR)

ECR is a customer-oriented, holistic way of viewing the process chain from the supplier, via trade, to the point of sale, in which all agents cooperate. The aim is customer orientation and optimisation of the entire process chain.

Electronic article surveillance (EAS)

Electronic security for items and against theft. EAS works with 1-bit transponders. These transponders or labels deliver only the information 'Transponder present' or 'Transponder absent'.

Electronic data interchange (EDI)

Data service for paperless exchange of information within and between customers, suppliers and service providers, which is defined by specific data formats and increasingly takes place via the Internet.

Electronic product code (EPC)

The EPC data standard is used for the unique identification of products and product types by individually allocated serial numbers. It also takes into account today's standards, such as the EAN and NVE.


Describes a bar or space


A process with which a printed image can be elevated or depressed (as relief).


An emulsion is a dispersion in which a liquid in the form of tiny droplets is distributed throughout another liquid with which it cannot mix. Oil-in-water emulsions are often used in coating processes.


RFID transponders usually only transmit data in plain text. Some models also transmit data encrypted.


Includes all activities from the customer order to delivery to the customer.

Enterprise resource planning system (ERP)

System for company-wide optimisation of all processes required to fulfil the company goal, i.e. for mapping and controlling flows of information and payment and physical flows.