Glossary - B - inotec


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Back-end systems

Back-end systems are information technology components which support basic operational applications, e.g. for goods and warehouse management.


Method of communication between reading devices and passive transponders. The transponder reflects the waves from the reading device and modulates its information into these reflected waves.


The dark part of a barcode


Depiction of numbers (e.g. item numbers) using a system of bars, suitable to be read directly into a computer.


Most common codes are based on a binary principle with a number of thin and thick bars/spaces. The sequence of these thin and thick bars and spaces results in a specific numerical or even alphanumerical statement. It is read optically. The different reflections of the black bars and white spaces creates a train of pulses in the optical receiver which corresponds to this sequence of bars and spaces.

Barcode density

The information density of a barcode is given with the unit cpi (= characters pro inch). In Germany, the density is often expressed in 'space needed per character', i.e. in millimetres/character. To fit a barcode into the barcode box when there is little space, high density (i.e. as much information (characters) as possible per unit of length) is necessary. If the barcode is to be read from a distance, it is better to use a barcode with a lower density.

Barcode field

The barcode field consists of a barcode, two light quiet zones and a line of text. The barcode contains the encrypted information, consisting of coloured bars and non-coloured spaces. The quiet zone is located before and after the barcode and demarcates the object to be identified. The text line is under the barcode and depicts all the encrypted information in legible text


A batch is a compilation of multiple orders into an ordered mass (list) of orders. In contrast to interactive processing by programmes, the orders combined in a batch are processed without interruption by a single user input. All data needed to execute the orders must therefore be present at the start of the batch run.


Operational data acquisition (Betriebsdatenerfassung)


Name for active transponders which 'wake up' during defined intervals and transmit information.


Reduction in colour brilliance, often caused by the extended influence of UV radiation.

Bleed border

The bleed border system prevents adhesive particles from leaking during the printing process, thus protecting mechanical parts such as the drum and print cylinder from contamination from adhesive deposits.


The printing ink runs along the paper fibres (especially at the edges), making the print image and characters appear uneven.

Bling stamping

For stamping logos or creases in elaborate products. Contours and shapes can be stamped positively into the paper.

Blocker (tag)

A blocker or blocker tag is intended to prevent or disrupt readings from transponders. To do this, an overactive transponder could be used, for example, which responds to all requests and thus disrupts the reading of the information.

Bulk capture/bulk capability

Almost simultaneous recording of multiple transponders by a reading device. Because of impedance due to collisions, the transponders are not captured at exactly the same time, but in very quick succession. See also 'Anti-collision'

Butterfly effect

Unwanted detachment of label corners from the adhered surface.